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WHO: Ebola spreading, killing 70% of its victims

Doctors with Ebola patient

WHO: Ebola spreading, killing 70% of its victims

Joel Achenbach 

WHO official said that at current rate, there will likely be up to 10,000 new cases a week in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea by December.

The latest WHO numbers show 8,914 suspected or confirmed cases of Ebola and 4,447 deaths. That would seem to imply that half the people stricken with Ebola will survive the disease. But Aylward said that undercounts the true death rate.

“We have had to carefully identify those individual patients for whom we could follow their entire course – when we do that carefully, we find that 70% are dying and that this number is pretty robust across the 3 worst-affected countries,” Aylward said in an e-mail to The Washington Post.

At current rates, there will likely be 5,000 to 10,000 new cases a week in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea by Dec. 1, Aylward said in the conference call. To stop the outbreak, the WHO is pushing a plan to make sure that 70 percent of burials are safe and that 70 percent of sick patients are in treatment by then.

 
First Ebola Death in Germany

First Ebola Death in Germany

An Ebola patient treated in Leipzig died Monday night and became the first fatality from this contagious disease in Germany.

 
Sea level rise over past century unmatched in 6,000 years, says study

Adelie penguins in east Antarctica. Although most melting of continent's ice is happening in the west, even the east is now shedding ice

Sea level rise over past century unmatched in 6,000 years, says study

Oliver Milman

Research finds 20cm rise since start of 20th century, caused by global warming and the melting of polar ice, is unprecedented.

The rise in sea levels seen over the past century is unmatched by any period in the past 6,000 years, according to a lengthy analysis of historical sea level trends.

The reconstruction of 35,000 years of sea level fluctuations finds that there is no evidence that levels changed by more than 20cm in a relatively steady period that lasted between 6,000 years ago and about 150 years ago.

This makes the past century extremely unusual in the historical record, with about a 20cm rise in global sea levels since the start of the 20th century. Scientists have identified rising temperatures, which have caused polar ice to melt and thermal expansion of the sea, as a primary cause of the sea level increase.

A two-decade-long collection of about 1,000 ancient sediment samples off Britain, north America, Greenland and the Seychelles formed the basis of the research, led by the Australian National University and published in PNAS.

The 35,000-year span of the study was chosen as this comprises an interglacial period. Researchers could pick submerged sediments that may include tree roots, suggesting a previously lower sea level, or mollusks, which can be measured against the fossil record to determine the previous sea level.

Ice started melting about 16,000 years ago, with this melting ending about 8,000 years ago. A slowdown in sea level changes didn’t occur until 6,000 years ago, however.

 
Repeat Entrepreneurs Are More Successful

Repeat Entrepreneurs Are More Successful

BY Elizabeth MacBride

Are entrepreneurs born or made? New research by Stanford Graduate School of Business Professor Kathryn Shaw adds to the evidence on the "made" side of the column.

The research, which examined records of 2.8 million small retailers in Texas, found that entrepreneurs were more likely to succeed the more times they had run businesses in the past. Entrepreneurship appears to be more of a craft than an aptitude.

Practically speaking, an entrepreneur could also focus on the lessons and takeaways from that failed business, lowering the risk of failure in his or her new ventures. And an entrepreneur can view a business that didn't work out as a sign that he or she is not a failed entrepreneur but rather an experienced one.

"If you are an entrepreneur, you want to continue to gain experience as an entrepreneur," Shaw said. "It's really a long-term commitment. Learning from that experience can shape your future."

 
The last words of Air France pilot before crash: ‘F***, we’re dead’

The last words of Air France pilot before crash: ‘F***, we’re dead’

The last words of Air France pilot before crash: ‘F***, we’re dead’

Two Air France pilots were asleep, leaving a rookie at the controls, minutes before the plane crashed into the sea in 2009, killing all 228 people on board.

Disturbing new recorder information from doomed Flight 447, which crashed into the Atlantic Ocean five years ago, also reveals one of the pilots shouted “F**k, we’re dead” as the plane went down.

The shocking details have emerged in a new investigation, published in the October edition of Vanity Fair magazine, exposing the troubling “piloting culture” within Air France at the time.

According to Vanity Fair, Bonin, dubbed the “Company Baby” with only a few hundred flight hours under his belt, was left in charge while the captain slept. It was known that the veteran captain only got one hour of sleep the previous night, spending most of his time with his travel companion, an off-duty flight attendant and opera singer.

“If the captain had stayed in position through the Inter-tropical Convergence Zone, it would have delayed his sleep by no more than 15 minutes, and because of his experience, maybe the story would have ended differently,” chief investigator Alain Bouillard is quoted as saying.

According to the investigation, the plane was suffering from a loss of lift and its airspeed sensors had malfunctioned. But instead of following procedures and lowering the plane’s nose, the junior pilot raised it.

Dubois finally entered the cockpit one minute and 38 seconds after the malfunction — but it was too late.

Robert said: “F**k, we’re going to crash! It’s not true! But what’s happening?” Then either Robert or Bonin said: “F**k, we’re dead” before the plane crashed.

According to Vanity Fair, the turbulence and malfunction should have been a “non-event” that could have been easily handled. However, the “airplane was in control of the pilots, and if they had done nothing, they would have done all they needed to do.”

 
Does He Want Me Just for Sex?

Does He Want Me Just for Sex?

By Jeremy E. Sherman, Ph.D.

When you suspect an ulterior motive, does it discredit good motives? Yes and no, which is a good reason to pay less attention to psychologizing accusations ("You just want a bad thing!") and to psychologizing self-defense ("No, I just want this good thing!") and more attention to actions. Words speak louder than actions, but actions speak more accurately than words.

 
How a Giants Player Came Back From a Crucial Injury

How a Giants Player Came Back From a Crucial Injury

 
Lone Geniuses Are Overrated

Lone Geniuses Are Overrated

Walter Isaacson explains how a group of oddballs and savants collaborated to create the world we live in today.

By Jeffrey Goldberg

Isaacson sets out to accomplish several large things in The Innovators. Since he is fundamentally an optimist, he argues that human-computer symbiosis, rather than artificial intelligence, represents the main and best path forward, and he makes a compelling case that A.I., whether it manifests itself in benevolent or malevolent form, always seems to be 20 years away for good reason. (For a dystopian view of our future robot overlords, see this interview Isaacson just conducted with Elon Musk). Building an "intimate connection between humans and machines” is what Isaacson says he believes in, and what he argues for.

The Innovators is also an extended argument for the U.S. renew its commitment not only to the funding of basic scientific research, but to the rebuilding of an equitable and universally accessible public education system. Isaacson tells the story of Jean Jennings, an early computer programmer (one of six women who made themselves quietly indispensable in the development of the University of Pennsylvania’s ENIAC computer), who grew up practically penniless in Alanthus Grove, Missouri, but was able to pull together $76 in tuition each year to earn a mathematics degree from Northwest Missouri State Teachers College. The same education today, Isaacson notes, would cost $14,000, a twelve-fold increase even after adjusting for inflation.

 
Are U.S. Hospitals Really Prepared for Ebola?

Are U.S. Hospitals Really Prepared for Ebola?

By Margaret Hartmann

The CDC has been holding conference calls and publishing guidelines on how health-care workers can protect themselves against Ebola, but Bonnie Castillo of National Nurses United said hospitals often just "post something on a bulletin board referring workers and nurses to the CDC guidelines. That is not how you drill and practice and become expert." A recent survey of 1,900 nurses conducted by the union found that 36 percent feel their hospitals don't have sufficient supplies — and even if they do, workers may not know how to use the gear without contaminating themselves. Eighty percent said they don't feel they've had adequate Ebola training.

In response to the second U.S. diagnosis, the White House directed the CDC to speed up its investigation of how the nurse contracted the virus and said federal authorities must "take immediate additional steps to ensure hospitals and healthcare providers nationwide are prepared to follow protocols should they encounter an Ebola patient."

The CDC has already updated its recommendations, saying hospitals should reduce the number of staff treating Ebola patients and cut down on unnecessary procedures. Frieden said that with Duncan, doctors tried unusual and "desperate measures to try to save his life," such as kidney dialysis and intubation, but "both those procedures spread many contaminants and are high risk." They say hospitals treating Ebola patients should also have one staffer supervising infection-control measures, and urged facilities to conduct more drills. 

Some say the task is so difficult that the CDC should only allow Ebola patients to be treated long-term in the four U.S. facilities — the National Institutes of Health in Maryland, Emory University Hospital in Atlanta, the University of Nebraska Medical Center, and St. Patrick Hospital in Montana — that have special high-containment isolation units. "I don't think we should expect that small hospitals take care of Ebola patients. The challenge is formidable," Dr. Dennis Maki, University of Wisconsin-Madison infectious-disease specialist, told the AP. 

 
Go on, Buy That Ring! Why Marriage Is SO Good for Men

Go on, Buy That Ring! Why Marriage Is SO Good for Men

By Emma M. Seppälä, Ph.D.

Many men have cold feet about marriage. What they don't realize is that marriage has countless health and well-being benefits for men in particular!

 
Conservatives Feel World is Dark and Unsafe

Conservatives Feel World is Dark and Unsafe

By Nigel Barber, Ph.D.

In the current election campaign, Republicans are organizing their message around a theme of fear. That is hardly surprising given scientific evidence that the brains of conservatives are more strongly reactive to threats. For that reason, the campaign strategy is more likely to resonate with their own base than it is to bring in new voters.

Peering inside the brain with MRI scans, researchers at University College London found that self-described conservative students had a larger amygdala than liberals. The amygdala is an almond-shaped structure deep in the brain that is active during states of fear and anxiety.

There is a big unknown underlying these findings. Supposing that the size of one’s amygdala really does increase the likelihood of being a conservative. Is the size of the amygdala determined at birth, or does it perhaps increase with frightening childhood experiences, such as authoritarian parenting and corporal punishment?

The born versus acquired perspective on political attitudes is important to psychologists. After all, if political proclivities are fixed at birth in terms of brain anatomy, there is little hope of change. Most of us would probably like to see a world in which political attitudes were less polarized, and more changeable, but that may be a pipe dream.

 
Elderly LA woman missing for years found in Maine shack

Elderly LA woman missing for years found in Maine shack

Elderly LA woman missing for years found in Maine shack

Sarah Cheiker disappeared in 2008 at age 89 and was found in 2012 — alive but unwell in a dingy cabin in the town of Edgecomb, where she apparently had been abandoned, The Los Angeles Times reported Sunday.

“It was a place I wouldn’t have let my dog live in,” said Detective Robert McFetridge of the sheriff’s department in rural, coastal Lincoln County, Maine.

The only food was spoiled, and the single light bulb had burned out.

Caccavo recalled how a family of three people began around 2006 to help her with shopping and rides to the doctor. The neighbor said he doubted their motivations — they were not related to Cheiker, though they claimed to have known her deceased mother — and warned her to be careful.

And then, “all of a sudden, Sarah disappeared,” Caccavo told the Associated Press by telephone Sunday. That was fall 2008.

The following year, a living trust in Cheiker’s name sold the house for $712,000, property records show.

Cheiker was taken from Los Angeles by 41-year-old twins and their 21-year-old godson — the same people Caccavo said had befriended her, according to authorities.

After they had ingratiated themselves, they left and “purchased numerous properties across the country with her money,” Wright said. “I’ve seen things that were egregious, but I’d never seen a person taken across the country, stripped of their assets and left to die.”

 
Was RFK a JFK conspiracy theorist?

Was RFK a JFK conspiracy theorist?

By PHILIP SHENON

What did the attorney general know, and when did he know it?

Last year, the son and namesake of the late Attorney General Robert Kennedy revealed publicly that his father had considered the Warren Commission’s final report, which largely ruled out the possibility of a conspiracy in the assassination of John F. Kennedy, to be a “shoddy piece of craftsmanship.” Robert Jr. said his father suspected that the president had been killed in a conspiracy involving Cuba, the Mafia or even rogue agents of the CIA. Historian Arthur Schlesinger Jr., a close friend of the Kennedy family, would disclose years later that he was told by Robert Kennedy in December 1963, a month after the president’s murder, that the former attorney general worried that the assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, was “part of a larger plot, whether organized by Castro or by gangsters.” Schlesinger said that in 1966, two years after the Warren Commission report, Kennedy was still so suspicious about a conspiracy that he wondered aloud “how long he could continue to avoid comment on the report—it is evident that he believes it is was poor job.”

Newly disclosed documents from the commission, made public on the 50th anniversary of its final report, suggest that the panel missed a chance to get Robert Kennedy to acknowledge publicly what he would later confess to his closest family and friends: that he believed the commission had overlooked evidence that might have pointed to a conspiracy.

The documents show the commission was prepared to press Kennedy to offer his views, under oath, about the possibility that Oswald had not acted alone. An affidavit, in which Kennedy would have been required to raise his right hand and deny knowledge of a conspiracy under penalty of perjury, was prepared for his signature by the commission’s staff but was never used. Instead, the attorney general became the highest ranking government official, apart from President Lyndon Johnson, who was excused from giving sworn testimony or offering a sworn written statement to the commission.

The decision to scrap the affidavit is another example of the extraordinary deference paid to the attorney general and his family by Chief Justice Earl Warren, the commission’s chairman. In an unsworn August 1964 letter to Warren—already public and long seen by historians as evasive, if not as an effort to mislead the commission outright about what he really knew and suspected—Kennedy said he was aware of “no credible evidence to support the allegations that the assassination of President Kennedy was caused by a domestic or foreign conspiracy.” Kennedy’s private papers, however, suggest he struggled over signing even the unsworn letter to Warren.

........................................

Some former commission staffers are troubled today that the panel never questioned Kennedy, especially given the disclosure in recent decades by congressional investigators about his deep involvement in directing plots by the CIA to oust, if not kill, Fidel Castro; the Cuban dictator was always seen by the commission’s staff as a prime suspect in Kennedy’s assassination. If Robert Kennedy or others had been forced to reveal the Castro plots, these former staffers say, the commission would have been much more aggressive in trying to determine if Castro or his agents, possibly aware of the plots, ordered the president’s murder in retaliation. In an interview for my book, former White House aide Joseph Califano, who was part of the anti-Castro plotting, said he was convinced that “Robert Kennedy experienced this unbelievable grief after his brother’s death because he believed it was linked to his—Bobby’s—efforts to kill Castro.”

 
G.O.P. Right Still Has Doubt About Christie

G.O.P. Right Still Has Doubt About Christie

At a confidential meeting over the summer, Gov. Chris Christie of New Jersey boasted to influential evangelical leaders that he was the state’s “first pro-life governor since Roe vs. Wade,” reminded them that he had vetoed legislation allowing gays to wed and, in a knowing reference to the Gospel of Matthew, spoke of his moral obligation to help the “least of us.”

But even as Mr. Christie sought to persuade them of his conservative credentials, his own deep-seated discomfort with ideological purity kept creeping in. He suggested that if the Republican Party wanted to win back the White House, it needed to look to a candidate with broad appeal, like himself or Jeb Bush, said one attendee, Leith Anderson, president of the National Association of Evangelicals. If it instead demanded orthodoxy, Mr. Christie’s message was “they can pick somebody else and lose,” Mr. Anderson recalled.

With the contretemps over lane closings on the George Washington Bridge on the back burner for now and Mr. Christie laying groundwork for a Republican presidential run, the persistent skepticism, unease and, in some cases, distrust that he faces from social and religious conservatives may be the biggest and least understood obstacle in his path.

Yet Mr. Christie, who prides himself on his defiance of political convention, refuses to communicate the kind of emphatic, crowd-pleasing message that would leave him unassailable with that crucial constituency, and he has shown little enthusiasm for befriending its self-appointed leadership, elements of which are turning on him with speed and vigor.

In a sustained and high-profile attack more than two years before the election, advocates of conservative judicial philosophy have begun to pummel Mr. Christie as failing to nominate sufficiently right-leaning judges to New Jersey’s highest court. They are also bankrolling derisive billboards in states where he is campaigning for Republicans this fall and flying a banner over the Jersey Shore declaring, “Christie can’t be trusted.”

 
How Red-State Democrats Can Throw Obama Under the Bus

How Red-State Democrats Can Throw Obama Under the Bus

Let’s be blunt: Democratic Senate candidates in red states—like Alison Lundergan Grimes in Kentucky—need to say ‘Barack who?’ But doing so can look craven, or it can be crafty.

Monday night’s a big night in this campaign season. In Kentucky, Alison Lundergan Grimes gets her one shot at Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell in a debate. I know most of the smart people have written the Democrat off. But a major Kentucky poll last week put her up two points. And she seems to be drawing big and enthusiastic crowds. And McConnell keeps making mistakes. In other words, there’s oxygen.

Grimes is going to hit her themes—that McConnell hasn’t delivered jobs to the state and that he’s a big part of the Washington problem. McConnell will hit his—that GrimesObama isObama aObama shiftyObama DemocratObama by the way did I mention this guy Obama? But as we all know, if there ever is a clear victory in any of these debates, it usually come down to a moment, one good or bad moment that gets replayed over and over on local TV news and masticated on the state’s political radio shows. And for Grimes, unless she has a great putdown stocked away she’s been working on, fate has recently decreed what that moment is likely to be.

As you should know by now, Grimes has been refusing to say whether she voted for President Obama. It’s been embarrassing. Chuck Todd even said she’d “disqualified herself.” That’s a bit over the top, but it was plenty bad. And of course she is going to be asked this question on Monday night, and of course everyone is going to be waiting, and of course she is going to have to be ready.

 
Do we dare to question economic growth?

The planet has finite resources.

Do we dare to question economic growth?

Warwick Smith

Warwick Smith

We've all been so effectively sold the line that endless growth is essential to maintain and improve our quality of life. This couldn't be further from the truth.

The endless pursuit of economic growth is making us unhappy and risks destroying the Earth’s capacity to sustain us. The good news is that taking steps to make our lives more sustainable will also make us happier and healthier. Would you like a four day weekend – every week?

I’ve been to two conferences over the last year with similar basic premises. The first was at the Australian National University on ecological economics and the second, just last week, was on steady state economics at the University of New South Wales. The premise sitting behind both of these conferences is simple and undeniably true yet undermines so much that is fundamental to our current way of life:

We live on a finite planet.

The earth is a giant rock, hurtling through inhospitable space surrounded by a very thin film of life sustaining atmosphere. Earth’s life support systems are self-sustaining and self-regulating. However, we humans are slowly and steadily pulling this life support system to pieces. Our planet is very large and can absorb a lot of tinkering with its systems, but there are now over 7 billion of us and the amount of energy and resources we are each using is growing fast. That’s a lot of tinkering.

There’s plenty of evidence that we are pushing up against and exceeding several critical boundaries of global sustainability: by which I don’t mean some tree hugging idea of sustainability, I mean we are taking actions that cannot be supported by the earth’s systems in the long term. We’re already exceeding the earth’s adaptive capacity with respect to greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity loss and the nitrogen cycle and we’re approaching critical limits in both the phosphorous cycle and ocean acidification. Our use of fresh water is also approaching or exceeding sustainable limits in many parts of the world and we’re systematically destroying our arable land. These are critical life sustaining global processes that cannot be ignored without severe consequences.

 
China’s Dangerous Game

China’s Dangerous Game

Does the country's maritime aggression reflect a government growing in power—or one facing a crisis of legitimacy?

By Howard W. French

Moving with ever greater boldness, Beijing has begun pressing claims to ownership of more than 80 percent of the South China Sea, waters enclosed by what it calls its “nine-dash line,” a relic of the country’s early-20th-century nationalist era, when it was first sketched to indicate China’s view of its traditional prerogatives. The line has no international standing and had gone largely unremarked upon until China recently revived it. It now figures in all Chinese maps. Since 2012, it has been embossed in new passports issued to the country’s citizens.

Also known as the cow’s tongue, for the way it dangles from China’s southern coast, the line encloses a region through which roughly 40 percent of the world’s trade and a great majority of China’s imported oil passes, via the Strait of Malacca, as through the eye of a needle. An observation from the 16th century—“Whoever is lord of Malacca has his hand on the throat of Venice”—still conveys the region’s maritime importance.

Residents of outposts like Palawan, which sits along the eastern edge of the nine-dash line, already feel besieged. Fishermen who enter waters that their forebears freely traversed for generations nowadays find themselves at risk in a disputed no-man’s-land. “The locals are afraid to go out to the west because there are a lot of Chinese boats—military vessels,” said Edwin Seracarpio, a 52-year-old boat owner whom I found one bright morning waiting port-side for the return of one of his crews. “The Chinese say it has always been their property.”

If China can impose its will in the South China Sea, at least five rival claimants—all much smaller, weaker Asian states—will be limited to a narrow band of the sea along their coastlines. China would gain greater security for its crucial supply lines of oil and other commodities; exclusive access to rich fishing areas and potentially vast undersea oil deposits; a much larger buffer against what it regards as U.S. naval intrusions; and, not least, the prestige and standing it has long sought, becoming in effect the Pacific’s hegemon, and positioning itself to press its decades-old demand that Taiwan come under its control. Arguably, it would achieve the greatest territorial expansion by any power since imperial Japan’s annexation of large swaths of Asia in the first half of the 20th century.

Since mid-2013, China has seemed, at first glance, to almost indiscriminately pick fights all the way around its eastern perimeter. That July, a group of Chinese warships, setting out from a northern port, circumnavigated Japan for the first time. Beijing seemed to be sending two messages: that it was ready to stand up to its historical rival, and also that China would no longer be contained within what it calls the First Island Chain, the long series of islands that stretches down China’s coast, preventing easy naval access to the open Pacific.

Just before Thanksgiving last year, Beijing made a surprise announcement of an “air-defense identification zone,” claiming navigational control of the skies over most of the water that lies between China and Japan, including not only areas claimed by Japan but also areas claimed by South Korea, with which it has usually enjoyed smooth relations. The Pentagon, which sends surveillance aircraft through this zone regularly, immediately said it would ignore China’s assertion; however, the United States did advise commercial airlines to observe the new Chinese rules.

Just days after the air-defense zone was announced, China’s lone aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, a freshly refurbished ship purchased secondhand from Ukraine in 1998, embarked on its first voyage with a full naval strike group in tow. It was almost a textbook reenactment of the gunboat diplomacy practiced by Western nations a century ago. With an escort of two destroyers and two antisubmarine frigates, the Liaoning steamed directly for the hotly contested South China Sea. In early December, before it could even reach the disputed zone near the Philippines and Vietnam, one of the accompanying Chinese vessels engaged in a dangerous showdown with an American vessel, the Aegis cruiser Cowpens.

The American ship was tracking the Liaoning’s deployment, in international waters, when the Chinese ship abruptly turned into the Cowpens’ path and stopped in front of the ship, forcing the Cowpens to make a radical maneuver to avoid a collision. According to a state-run Chinese newspaper, the reason for the ship’s highly unusual failure to give way was that the Cowpens had violated the Chinese convoy’s “inner defense layer,” a hitherto unheard‑of exclusion zone apparently covering more than 2,800 square miles—equivalent to about half the size of Connecticut. After the incident, the U.S. Navy took pains to emphasize that the American avoidance maneuver should not be seen as a precedent. “The U.S. military, my forces in the Pacific AOR”—Area of Responsibility—“will operate freely in international waters,” said Admiral Samuel J. Locklear, the head of the Pacific Command. “That’s the bottom line. We will operate there … And that’s the message to all the militaries that are operating in that region.”

 
How Ebola Got Loose in Dallas

How Ebola Got Loose in Dallas

The announcement that a second case of Ebola has been diagnosed in Dallas should provide an enormous sense of security for the worried general public—after all, the case has occurred not in casual contacts or even family members but rather, as predicted, in someone who cared for the patient in the late stages of his infection.

Against the sigh of semi-relief, though, is the shiver of fear as a collective chill runs down the spine of health-care workers in the United States, Africa, and Spain charged with caring for infected patients. 

According to reports on Sunday, a female nurse who was involved in the treatment of Thomas Eric Duncan has been confirmed to be carrying the disease, making her the first case of Ebola transmitted in the United States. The case further complicates an already thorny question: Are health-care workers treating Ebola ever really insulated from the disease?

The spread of Ebola from patient to health-care worker is a new development here, but it has been raging in West Africa for months. In the World Health Organization’s most recent report, it is identified as “an alarming feature of [the] outbreak.” 

A Dallas nurse who cared for Liberian patient Thomas Eric Duncan—not his family or friends—has contracted the virus. Why health-care professionals are feeling especially alarmed.
 
Confirmation of second Ebola case rattles Dallas

Confirmation of second Ebola case rattles Dallas

A worker with CG Environmental-Cleaning Guys sprayed disinfectant Sunday outside the apartment complex on Marquita Street where the nurse who contracted Ebola lives. The hospital parking lot she uses and her car were also decontaminated, officials said.

By JEFFREY WEISS

Shaken by America’s second case of Ebola, health officials in Dallas and across the nation are escalating efforts to control the disease — and public concern.

Experts had warned that another case was possible. But the infection disclosed Sunday was not where most had been looking. It wasn’t among 48 individuals being watched because of their contact with Thomas Eric Duncan, the Liberian who died of Ebola last week in Dallas.

Instead, it was a nurse at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas who became the first person infected with Ebola on American soil. While protected by a gown, mask, shield and gloves, she had extensive contact on multiple occasions with Duncan, officials said.

Hospital and federal officials said they did not know how she caught the virus, only that it was through an accidental breach of protective procedures. She was among more than 50 people who the hospital said cared for Duncan during 10 days he spent in isolation.

“It is deeply concerning that the infection occurred,” said Dr. Tom Frieden, head of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Ebola treatment “protocols work … but we know that even a single lapse or breach can result” in spreading the virus.

 
Warren blasts Obama over Wall Street

Warren blasts Obama over Wall Street

By JONATHAN TOPAZ

Elizabeth Warren is pictured. | Rod Lamkey Jr. for POLITICO

Sen. Elizabeth Warren is criticizing President Barack Obama for siding with Wall Street after the 2008 financial crisis.

The Massachusetts Democrat, who has become a favorite among the liberal wing of the party, praised Obama for some decisions on economic issues but said he and his advisers “picked Wall Street” over American families.

“[W]hen the going got tough, his economic team picked Wall Street,” Warren said in an interview with Salon published on Sunday.

“They protected Wall Street,” the senator continued. “Not families who were losing their homes. Not people who lost their jobs. Not young people who were struggling to get an education. And it happened over and over and over.”

 
Questions emerge about Ebola readiness

Questions emerge about Ebola readiness

By SUSAN LEVINE 

Tom Frieden speaks at a news conference on Oct. 12, 2014, in Atlanta. | AP Photo

wo cases of Ebola disease on U.S. shores are raising concerns about just how ready Americans hospitals and health care workers are to fight the lethal virus, despite all the assurances from public health officials that it can be identified, isolated and safely treated.

The first case was initially missed, potentially exposing more people in Dallas to Ebola and delaying treatment for the patient, a Liberian national who later died.

The second case, announced Sunday, involves an ICU nurse who had treated Thomas Duncan. She wore full protective gear, including a gown, gloves, mask and shield — and still was exposed.

Ebola is not spread through the air like the flu or a cold but through contact with bodily fluids of a sick person. How the nurse became infected isn’t yet known. Yet it happened even after a spate of guidelines, briefings and recommendations meant to get the nation’s facilities and health care workers ready.

The hospital at the center of both cases, Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas, has said it had prepped and drilled. On Sunday, its leaders and the CDC were facing a new reality given the new patient.

“At some point there was a breach in protocol, and that breach in protocol resulted in this infection,” said CDC Director Tom Frieden, who called himself “deeply concerned.”

Once again, the circle of other possible exposures rippled outward. More than a dozen workers in that ICU will now be monitored closely for the 21 days that represent Ebola’s full incubation period.

“If this individual was exposed … it is possible that other individuals were exposed,” Frieden said. His agency must help identify those in that circle, and contain the virus.

After a briefing on the latest development, President Barack Obama immediately directed the CDC to move as quickly as possible with an investigation and to “take immediate additional steps to ensure hospitals and healthcare providers nationwide are prepared to follow protocols should they encounter an Ebola patient.”

 
Don’t you love it when actors and neuroscientists scrap?

Deconstructing the Ben Affleck-Sam Harris cage fight

By Guy P. Harrison 

Are religions out of bounds? Academy Award winner Ben Affleck and neuoscientist Sam Harris clash over Islam on HBO's Real Time. Here's what you need to know.

Don’t you love it when actors and neuroscientists scrap? There certainly was a good round of action last week when Ben Affleck and Sam Harris squared off on Real Time, Bill Maher’s HBO show. The dustup clearly touched a cultural nerve, sparking widespread coverage and commentary. Unfortunately, virtually everything that has been written and spoken about it missed the mark and added little to the important issues raised. (If you missed the Affleck-Harris blowup, view a clip here

    The problem with the aftermath is that most people seemed to have simply picked a side in lieu of listening and thinking. The result is that 99 percent of the commentary I’ve seen boil down to either, “Ben Affleck is an idiot”, or “Sam Harris is a bigot”. Few seem to have recognized that both men hold sensible positions on very important points and that the key problem that night was a failure to communicate, nothing new when religion is being discussed.

 
Jacqueline Roque: Picasso's Wife, Love & Muse

Jacqueline Roque: Picasso's Wife, Love & Muse

By Carol Kino

Cubist artist Pablo Picasso's most painted subject was his controversial wife, Jacqueline Roque.

THINK OF PICASSO, and it's impossible not to envision the women he loved, tormented and painted, like Fernande Olivier, whose distorted features are indelibly associated with early cubism, or Dora Maar, often depicted weeping, or Marie-Thérèse Walter, whose face and body the artist sundered so violently during his surrealist years. "For me, there are only two kinds of women—goddesses and doormats," he told his postwar partner, Françoise Gilot, as she recounted in Life with Picasso, her 1964 memoir.

Since Picasso's death in 1973, the works emerging from these liaisons—and the gripping tales behind them—have provided fodder for countless museum and gallery shows. In the past three years alone, Gagosian Gallery, in conjunction with the Picasso biographer John Richardson, mounted two well-received New York exhibitions, Picasso and Marie-Thérèse: L'Amour Fou in 2011, and Picasso and Françoise Gilot in 2012.

Jacqueline Roque, a dark-haired divorcée 45 years the artist's junior, who became his second wife in 1961. Their relationship endured for more than 20 years, until Picasso's death at 91, making Jacqueline, who took his name when they married, his longest-lasting consort and most persistent muse. Yet she has inspired only a few exhibitions. The last was in 2006, at the Kunst Museum Pablo Picasso in Münster, Germany.

In part that's because Picasso's late work has often been dismissed as irrelevant and kitschy. But decades have elapsed since his death, and the work he produced while he was with Jacqueline is beginning to be hotly desired by collectors. Pace, which has organized seven shows around the late work since 1981, hopes to introduce audiences to the person who, despite all that's said of her, was arguably the most important love of Picasso's life. In a 1988 essay, Richardson called Picasso's late years "L'Époque Jacqueline."

"It is so free and full of love," says the Guggenheim Museum curator and Picasso scholar Carmen Giménez of the master's work from this time. "Jacqueline created peace for him.  That did not happen before."

Yet the paucity of shows about Jacqueline may also be related to the ambiguous role she played for Picasso's family and friends. Early on, she developed a reputation for being manipulative, avaricious and conniving, initially because she came between Picasso and Gilot. Once installed at La Californie, the artist's grand Cannes villa, she guarded his privacy jealously, shutting out even his children and grandchildren so he could focus on work. After his death, Jacqueline disappeared into seclusion for three years, emerging only to battle with his heirs over the disposition of his estate.

And in 1986, still racked with grief over the loss of Monseigneur, as she called him, Jacqueline killed herself with a pistol at Notre-Dame de Vie, their castle in Mougins, becoming one of many Picasso intimates to die tragically. (Others include Walter, who hanged herself in 1977; Picasso's son Paolo by his first wife, the dancer Olga Khokhlova, who drank himself to death in 1975; and Paolo's son Pablito, who downed bleach after Jacqueline barred him from Picasso's funeral.)

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"She thought he was God and he thought he was God. The two of them were in love with him." 

 
Hollywood Dynasty: The Yorn Brothers

Hollywood Dynasty: The Yorn Brothers

Born and bred on the East Coast, Kevin, Rick and Pete have made Hollywood their home and become the ultimate insiders in the notoriously cutthroat entertainment industry.

Together, Rick, 46, Kevin, 49, and Pete, 40, form what Hollywood agitator/reporter Nikki Finke has called “the Yorn dynasty.” They’re a tight, accomplished, glamorous tribe whose businesses and personal lives overlap in unusual ways, but today, they’re gathered in a room at the Greenwich Hotel in New York because, for the first time, they’ve agreed to a joint interview. (More specifically, Rick says it’s the first interview he’s ever done. “I had to push him a few times,” Kevin admits.)

The three Yorns have played in bands together, they work together and their houses on L.A.’s Westside are separated by only a five-minute drive. Rick introduced Kevin to his wife, Julie Silverman, and after they divorced, Rick continued to be business partners with her at their firm, LBI Entertainment. Kevin is one of Pete’s lawyers, Rick is one of Pete’s managers and Kevin and Rick share office space in Century City. All three have worked with Scarlett Johansson, whom Rick has managed since she was 12. Rick’s and Kevin’s clients are collectively responsible for more than $80 billion in box office receipts.

..............................

Though they’ve thrived in entertainment, all three Yorns were originally headed toward more conservative careers. After Kevin graduated from Tulane law school in 1990, he became a deputy district attorney in L.A. County, working in the office’s Hardcore Gang Investigations Unit. “All I did was murder cases. And there was a murder every night.” Pete recalls Kevin “showing me pictures of dead bodies” and carrying a gun. “But I had a really specific plan,” Kevin continues. “When I got to L.A., I met with one of the top entertainment law firms to ask for advice. I said, ‘I’m going to be a DA first, then be an entertainment lawyer.’ And they looked at me like I was crazy. That was not the traditional route.” 

Kevin was in the district attorney’s office for five years, then partnered with Kevin Morris, a lawyer he met through Rick and Julie. A half dozen established firms shared a near monopoly on Hollywood deals in the mid-’90s, and Kevin and Morris’s vision of “an alternative law firm” didn’t instantly catch on: “We had nothing. No clients. Our sales pitch was, ‘We’re way younger, and we’re gonna be more enthusiastic about your career.’ Whether it was bull— or not, I don’t know.” An aspiring writer named Anthony Zuiker, who was driving a tram at the Mirage Hotel in Las Vegas, got in touch with Kevin about a screenwriting contract he wanted to escape. “He didn’t have any money, so I lent him money a couple of times,” Kevin recalls. “Six months later, he called and said, ‘I want to do a show about forensics. I have a cool idea.’ ” That idea became CSI, one of the biggest drama franchises in TV history.

The same year Kevin graduated from law school, Rick graduated from the University of Maryland and joined a Shearson Lehman training program. The investment bank offered him a job in La Jolla, which he took so he could be closer to Kevin. He hated a broker’s early hours (“You’re eating lunch at nine in the morning”), so after a year, he left to work as an assistant at the talent agency Susan Smith & Associates. Kevin, of course, helped him get the job.

After apprenticing in the management business, Rick signed his first client: Benicio Del Toro, who won an Academy Award for 2000’s Traffic. He also signed Leonardo DiCaprio, whose biggest credit at the time was the cutesy network sitcom Growing Pains. “Obviously, I have a good eye—I guess,” Rick says with a mix of pride and abashment. By the time he was 30, his client list included Matt Dillon, Viggo Mortensen and Cameron Diaz, whom he signed when she was a model, after he saw her interviewed on TV. When Titanic became one of history’s biggest-grossing films, Rick’s ascendance was clinched, especially because DiCaprio had no agent, and Rick was his only access point.

 
Federal officials say breach in protocol led to second Ebola case in Texas

Dr. Daniel Varga

Federal officials say breach in protocol led to second Ebola case in Texas

A federal health official said Sunday there was “clearly” a breach in protocol that led to the infection of a Dallas healthcare worker with Ebola in what is thought to be the first U.S. transmission of the deadly virus.

“We’re deeply concerned about this new development,” Dr. Thomas Frieden, head of the Federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said in an interview on CBS’ “Face the Nation.”

“I think the fact that we don’t know of a breach in protocol is concerning, because clearly there was a breach in protocol. We have the ability to prevent the spread of Ebola by caring safely for patients.”

In a separate CDC briefing, Frieden said the worker was self monitoring and when she developed symptoms she was promptly isolated.

Frieden said the CDC is in the process of identifying the health worker’s contacts and conducting a full investigation of procedures at the Texas hospital to determine how the transmission occurred.

He said all healthcare workers who cared for Duncan are now being treated as if they had been potentially exposed.

“Infections only occur when there’s a breach in protocol,” Frieden said. “We know from many years of experience that it’s possible to care for [patients] with Ebola without risk to healthcare workers, but we also know that it’s hard, that even a single breach can result in contamination, and one of the areas that we look at closely are things like, how you take off the gear that might be affected or contaminated.”

 
Campaigns Find Ad Space Finite, Even on the Web

Campaigns Find Ad Space Finite, Even on the Web

It turns out that the Internet does not have infinite capacity. At least not for political ads.

As an increasing number of campaigns and outside groups are finding out, premium space on the web has long been booked. Digital advertising is maturing much in the way television did, as targeting becomes more sophisticated and the definition of a viewer expands drastically.

“Many political strategists don’t think of the Internet as something that can sell out,” said Rob Saliterman, leader of the elections team at Google, which owns YouTube. “But in these smaller states, just as there’s a finite amount of TV inventory, there’s a finite amount of YouTube inventory.”

The more savvy players in the coming midterm elections made pre-emptive strikes to ensure ad placement when it matters most.

In June, Tim Lim, the president of Precision Network, a digital media buyer for Democrats, began purchasing ad space from premium online vendors — Google, Yahoo, Pandora — in Senate battleground states like Colorado and Iowa.

In July, Robert Willington, the president of Swiftkurrent, a Republican digital marketing company that is working on Scott Brown’s Senate campaign in New Hampshire, purchased “a lot” of the available YouTube inventory in the state for future ads.

And in August, IMGE, a digital advocacy agency handling online strategy for Karl Rove’s Crossroads GPS, snapped up all available YouTube inventory in Alaska for the final weeks of the Senate race there.

There are two main types of online video ads: those a viewer can skip after just a few seconds, and “reserved buy” ads that run in their entirety before a video begins. The ads that can be skipped are unlimited, but they are sold by auction, meaning that, much as it does in the television marketplace, the price goes up as demand increases closer to Election Day. A 30-second ad of that type, for instance, could cost eight to 10 times as much the week before the November elections as it did in September.

The second type of ad, which cannot be skipped, is often more valuable to campaigns, because viewers are forced to watch all 15 or 30 seconds before they can see the content from their original search. These ads are limited, and campaigns can reserve them in advance — not only locking in a good price, but also ensuring prominent display.

“You have to let your clients know, if you want to have this premium inventory, it will sell out first,” said Alex Skatell, a partner at IMGE. “The other campaigns, your opponent, the ‘super PACs’ — this is where they’re going first with their money.”

Digital ad buyers said pre-video ad space on popular sites like YouTube, Hulu, Yahoo and top news outlets was the first content to effectively sell out. Already, there is almost no remaining YouTube inventory for reserve buys — the ads that cannot be skipped — in Alaska, Maine, Montana and New Hampshire, and inventory is increasingly tight in nearly a dozen other competitive states.

 
Can Sex Be Just a Little Bit Sinful?

Can Sex Be Just a Little Bit Sinful?

The theological idea of 'graduality' may help the Vatican reframe its approach to sexuality.

By Elizabeth Tenety

At the Vatican's synod on the family this week, bishops have suggested that the theological idea of graduality can help the Church reframe its approach to sexuality. What does this mean?

"Language such as 'living in sin,' 'intrinsically disordered' or 'contraceptive mentality' are not necessarily words that invite people to draw closer to Christ and the Church, one bishop reportedly argued before the synod. These terms are sometimes used to refer to cohabitation, homosexuality, and birth control.

Speaking about those who live together without being married, one bishop reportedly said, “There are absolutely valid and important elements even of sanctification and of true love that may be present even when one does not fully realize this ideal.”

“Church documents explaining family life and sexuality seem to many Catholics ‘to be from another planet.’”

 
Move Over, Barack Obama. The Clintons Are Taking Over

President Obama leading a cabinet meeting in 2012.

Move Over, Barack Obama. The Clintons Are Taking Over

John Heilemann, Bloomberg

The election is two years away, but make no mistake: An inauguration took place this week.

This has been the week of the long-awaited, full-bore, balls-to-the-wall return of the Clintons to the campaign trail, first with Bill in Arkansas on Monday and Tuesday, then with Hillary in Chicago on Wednesday and Philadelphia last night. Every move the former First Couple makes is viewed through gimlet eyes and subject to instant judgment. Does WJC still have his mojo? Has HRC found a message? Will they be able to move the needle for Democrats they aim to help between now and Election Day?

For what it’s worth, the answers in reverse order are: (a) we’ll see; (b) as of last night, maybe, just maybe; and (c) do bears shit in the woods?

Unavoidable as these questions and assessments are, however, they miss the larger drama already unfolding before our eyes. After more than six years in which Democratic politics have revolved around Barack Obama, the Clintons are aggressively reclaiming what they have long perceived as their rightful position at the center of their party’s universe—a reassertion made all the more vivid and undeniable by the interstellar drift of the current occupant of the Oval Office.

Bill Clinton visited the White House in September to celebrate the 20th anniversary of AmeriCorps, which he created.

To say that the Clintons are popular and Obama is not simultaneously states the obvious and understates the case. Internal Democratic polling pegs Bill Clinton’s approval rating among undecided voters at north of 50 percent; according to a recent survey, he stands alone among campaign surrogates in his capacity to change minds. And while Hillary is a less broadly potent figure, her popularity and motivational sway with women voters—certainly a, and arguably the, critical swing constituency in many contested Senate races—is significant, as is her fund-raising prowess. (On October 20, she will headline both a high-dollar fund-raiser for the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee hosted by Hollywood macher Jeffrey Katzenberg and a female-focused buck-raking event being staged by Nancy Pelosi.)

For Obama, the picture is starkly different. Beyond his record-low overall approval ratings, his disapproval ratings among undecided voters are through the roof: from the mid-fifties to the low sixties depending on the state in question. Not long ago, party strategists believed his ability to energize African-American voters—whose turnout levels will matter hugely in states such as Louisiana, North Carolina, Georgia, and Kentucky—meant that he might be deployed in some of those places. No longer. “We’d gain less in minorities that he’d turn on than we’d give up in undecideds he’d turn off,” says a top Democratic tactician. “Net-net, for almost every campaign, putting him out there is a loser.”

 
Rand Paul Wants You to Be Very Afraid

By Sally Kohn

What’s with the Kentucky Senator’s ceaseless fear-mongering around the Ebola scare? Because to the GOP, scaring voters is good for business.

Although Thomas Eric Duncan, the first person diagnosed with Ebola on U.S. soil, has now died of the disease, American public health officials remain confident in our nation’s ability to prevent a widespread epidemic. “The bottom line here is we know how to stop it,” CDC director Tom Frieden told NBC News this weekend. “It's not going to spread widely in the U.S., for two basic reasons. We can do infection control in hospitals, and we can do public health interventions that can stop it in its tracks.”

His wasn’t the only voice that sought to reassure. “I know there's a lot of reason to be concerned. It is a serious problem, but in my lifetime, when we have been frightened by this so-called coming epidemic—most of it has never materialized,” said Mr. Paul. Ron Paul, that is, Rand’s dad. “I think sometimes overreaction can become very dangerous as well,” said the elder Paul. Indeed.

Sir, please call your son and tell him that.

Rand Paul, Republican Senator from Kentucky, recently told conservative radio host Laura Ingraham that Ebola “could get beyond our control” and speculated: “Can you imagine if a whole ship full of our soldiers catch Ebola?”

Saying “it’s a real mistake to underplay the danger of a worldwide pandemic,” Paul, doing his level best to overplay the danger, told Glenn Beck: “I think I said this the last time I was on your show a couple weeks ago, I said that I’m concerned that political correctness has caused us to underplay the threat of Ebola.” Er, um, because the people dying of Ebola in West Africa are black? I’m confused… Anyway, I thought the reason not to let panic spread was because, you know, panic is bad and we should have a rational and informed public rather than an irrationally fearful one. But speaking of informed…

“It’s an incredibly transmissible disease that everyone is downplaying, saying it’s hard to catch,” Rand said to Beck. “Well, we have physicians and health workers who are catching it who are completely gloved down and taking every precaution and they’re still getting it. So, yes, I’m very concerned about this.” Rand Paul, mind you, is a doctor and should know better than to spread skepticism or downright misinformation about public health issues. But instead, he is using Ebola to not only attack President Obama (as are other Republicans, natch) but to push his extremist anti-government agenda that goes beyond healthy skepticism to tin-foil hat conspiracy land.

 
Why Are Older People More Conservative?

Why Are Older People More Conservative?

By Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic, Ph.D.

Why does age make people more conservative?

The first reason is personality. Indeed, a review of 92 scientific studies shows that intellectual curiosity tends to decline in old age, and that this decline explains age-related increases in conservatism. At any age, people differ in their typical levels of curiosity, and these differences have been attributed to the broader personality trait of Openness to Experience. Higher levels of Openness have been associated not only with aesthetic and cultural interests, but also with a general tendency to seek emotionally stimulating and adrenalizing activities (e.g., from scuba diving to bungee jumping; from drugs to unprotected sex). Furthermore, open people are also more likely to display counter-conformist attitudes, challenge the status quo and disrespect authority. Although these qualities make high Openness a potential threat to society, Openness is also the source of creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship, as well as an intellectual antidote to totalitarianism, injustice and prejudice.

 
Barack Obama: the end of a love affair

Barack Obama: the end of a love affair

Six years after offering hope and change, polls show the American public has fallen out of love with their president – so where did it all go wrong?

 By Peter Foster, Washington

Barack Obama romped to the presidency of the United States in 2008 on a tidal wave of ‘hope and change’. Back then, the financial crisis was raging and US troops were still engaged in combat in Iraq and Afghanistan, but a fresh-faced Mr Obama brimmed with confidence.

He predicted that future generations would look back on his election and see the moment “when the rise of the oceans began to slow and our planet began to heal…when we ended a war and secured our nation and restored our image as the last, best hope on earth.”

Six years later, Mr Obama is weary and greyed and finds his job approval ratings stuck in the low-40s. This October is the 17th consecutive month in which polls show that a majority of Americans disapprove of his leadership.

With November’s mid-term elections less than a month away, even fellow Democrats won't be seen dead with the man who once transformed their party's fortunes. Apart from some closed-door fundraisers, Mr Obama is all but invisible on the campaign trail.

Since Mr Obama took office facing the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression, unemployment has fallen from 10pc to 6pc and American businesses have created 10 million new jobs – that’s more than Japan, Europe and every other advanced economy combined.

So why do only 39pc of Americans approve of his handling of the economy, according to YouGov? It’s because too many of those jobs are “McJobs” – that is, low-paid and part-time work that don’t leave people feeling better off.

In numerical terms, GDP has risen by 8pc since Mr Obama took office, but median household incomes are down 4pc and – unlike during the George W Bush years – there is no housing boom or easy credit make up the difference.

Americans are naturally suspicious about the role of big government, and the disastrous Obamacare rollout only confirmed many in that prejudice. Suffice to say Amazon and Kayak would have filed for bankruptcy long ago if they handled their product launches like Mr Obama’s department of Health and Human Services rolled out Obamacare. 

Like George W Bush after Hurricane Katrina, Mr Obama’s approval numbers never recovered from the sight of his flagship piece of legislation capsizing so ignominiously before it had even left the harbour.

The ship has been righted and re-floated, but with further legal challenges pending no-one is too confident of her structural integrity.

Add to that the Benghazi disaster, where Mr Obama lost his ambassador to Libya, and the on-going crisis in the administration of Veterans Affairs, and it seems many voters are no longer inclined to give Mr Obama the benefit of the doubt.

 
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